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How to make Roux

with no lumps

Bechamel White Sauce

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Bechamel sauce, also known as white sauce, is a classic French mother sauce made from a simple combination of butter, flour, and milk. It serves as a versatile base for countless dishes, lending a smooth and creamy texture with a delicate, subtle flavor. To create this sauce, butter is melted and mixed with flour to form a roux, which is then cooked until it reaches a pale golden color. Milk is gradually added while stirring continuously to create a smooth, lump-free consistency. Bechamel sauce serves as a foundation for various dishes, such as lasagna, macaroni and cheese, soufflés, and gratins, adding richness and depth to the overall flavor profile of the recipes.

You Will Need

  • 2 tablespoons butter

  • 2 tablespoons all-purpose flour

  • 1 cup milk, or more as needed


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To ensure your white sauce is thick and lump free follow these simple steps.


Add butter to warm pan (same amount of butter  and flour.)
Add Flour once the butter is melted, and whisk until completely smooth.  (make a roux
Cook for two to three minutes to lose the “floury” taste, but not so long it begins to color

Add your milk a little at a time, until it starts to thicken. (whisking continuously ) until flour and butter mixture is combined into the milk. (Don't stop whisking until it is finished and smooth.

Bechamel Sauce 


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Bechamel sauce serves as an excellent base for various culinary creations, and by adding different ingredients, it can be transformed into a range of delicious variations. Here are some popular Bechamel sauce variations:

  1. Cheese sauce (Mornay sauce): To make a cheese sauce, simply add grated cheese (such as Gruyere, cheddar, or Parmesan) to the finished Bechamel sauce and stir until the cheese is melted and fully incorporated. This sauce is perfect for macaroni and cheese, au gratin dishes, or as a topping for vegetables.

  2. Mustard sauce: Stir in a spoonful of Dijon mustard or other prepared mustard to the Bechamel sauce to create a tangy and flavorful mustard sauce. This goes well with ham, sausages, or as a dipping sauce for pretzels.

  3. Herb-infused sauce: Before preparing the Bechamel, infuse the warm milk with fresh or dried herbs like thyme, rosemary, or bay leaves. Strain the milk before using it in the sauce, giving it an aromatic herbal touch.

  4. Nutmeg-infused sauce: Add a pinch of freshly grated nutmeg to the Bechamel sauce for a classic flavor combination that works well with pasta dishes and vegetables.

  5. Lemon Bechamel: Incorporate some lemon zest and a splash of lemon juice into the sauce to create a light and refreshing citrus-flavored Bechamel. It pairs wonderfully with seafood or poultry.

  6. Saffron Bechamel: Dissolve a pinch of saffron threads in warm milk and use it to make the Bechamel sauce. This creates a beautifully colored and fragrant sauce that complements seafood dishes.

  7. Truffle Bechamel: Add a few drops of truffle oil or a small amount of finely chopped truffles to the sauce for an indulgent and luxurious flavor. This variation is excellent for pasta dishes, risottos, or creamy vegetable preparations.

  8. Tomato Bechamel (Rose sauce): Mix in a couple of tablespoons of tomato paste or tomato puree to create a delightful pink-tinted sauce, commonly known as Rose sauce. This version is great for pasta dishes or served with chicken or seafood.

  9. Spinach Bechamel: Blend cooked spinach into the Bechamel sauce to make a vibrant green sauce, ideal for pairing with pasta, fish, or chicken.

These variations showcase the versatility of Bechamel sauce, allowing it to adapt to different dishes and cuisines, enhancing flavors and textures along the way. Experimenting with these variations opens up a world of culinary possibilities.

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