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How to make Roux

with no lumps

Basic Cheese Sauce Recipe

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Roux is the secret ingredient that gives a luxurious finish to some of our favorite dishes. it makes a wonderful creamy sauce in macaroni and cheese and transforms meat drippings into a savory gravy that we drizzle over pot roast and other cooked meats. Learning to make a simple roux is easy with our  step by step recipe below. We even show you how to turn it into cheese sauce!

You Will Need

  • 3 tablespoons butter

  • 3 tablespoons all-purpose flour

  • Liquid-such as Milk, beef stock, chicken stock etc. As much liquid as you need in your recipe. If you want 3 cups of Bechamel (white sauce) use 3 cups of milk, gravy, use 3 cups of chicken broth or beef broth.  If you are making more then 3 cups, you can double this recipe. 

  • What is the basic formula of roux?

  • The method for making roux uses 1 part oil or fat to 1 part flour, whisked constantly over heat until it reaches an optimal shade of color—ranging from white to dark brown. The finished base can be used to thicken sauces, gravies, and soup.

Kitchen Bouquet Browning and Seasoning Sauce
Bezrat Large crystal Coupe Shaped Gravy Sauce Boat
Basic Cheese Sauce Recipe

Turn this Roux

Into this Cheese Sauce

How To Make A Roux
Bechamel Sauce


Add butter to warm pan 

Add flour and whisk well, it should look like a thick paste.  Cook for two or three minutes to lose the “floury” taste, but not so long it begins to color (this is your roux)

Add your liquid (and mix well.) (until flour dissolves into the liquid. You should see no lumps 

Note: Make a cheese sauce below by adding milk and cheese.  I used 20 ounces of milk to 1  1/2 cups cheese. (add milk slowly and whisk) when it starts to get a little thick add more milk. Wisk until your desired thickness is reached.

How To Make A Roux
How To Make A Roux
How To Make A Roux

At this point you can add your cheese for a basic cheese sauce 1 1/2 cup for 20 ounces sauce.

When cheese is added to a white sauce, it’s called Mornay sauce.

How To Make A Roux

Roux Tips:  Don't give up, it's easy to get frustrated making a roux.  you have to be patient and continually  whisk, you can use a fork to mash down lumps and separate the flour and butter into the milk.

Basic Cheese Sauce or Roux
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